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The Fractured-Land Hypothesis

Patterns of political unification and fragmentation have crucial implications for comparative economic development. Diamond (1997) famously argued that “fractured land” was responsible for China's tendency toward political unification and Europe's …

Primary care and health in rural China (1960s–1970s)

This paper employs micro data to examine the effects of primary care expansion in rural China from the 1960s to 1970s. The data reveal a steady increase in the presence of midwives in rural China, reflecting China’s efforts to train primary care …